This course emphasizes understanding the relationship between effective leadership and work motivation, with an emphasis on "engagement”. What role does motivation play in the leadership process? This adventure into the study of the relationship between leadership and work motivation is multifaceted. It is clear that there is much more to it than the "flavor of the month” approach that is popular in many organizations. Steers, Porter, & Bigley (1996, p. 3) describe motivation as "a highly complex phenomenon that affects, and is affected by, a multitude of factors in t he work milieu.” In order to gain an understanding of some of those complexities, this course begins with consideration of the meaning and purpose of work - Why do people work? The course includes several theories of motivation, which will help in understanding some of the practices that exist in work organizations. The course also explores assumptions about human nature that form the basis for motivational theories and practices. Humanistic assumptions are contrasted with biblical descriptions of human nature - What assumptions about people are made when deciding to implement motivational strategies among co-workers and others? Overarching questions in the course include: What is the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? How can motivational models and processes be applied in the workplace and in other real-world situations? What are some of the ethical implications involved in the motivational process? These and other issues help to develop an understanding that work motivation involves more than the proverbial carrot or stick.

Typically excluded from the discourse on work motivation are the identification, analysis, and application of biblical principles to motivational theory and processes. An important outcome of this course is the development of a perspective on motivation that includes themes derived from the Bible. A foundational theme of this course is that work and other human pursuits are meaningless unless done to the glory of God. This theme is reiterated throughout the course with readings from the book of Ecclesiastes. These and other biblical passages bring a perspective to the discourse on work motivation that is absent from most writings on the subject.